The Economic Policy Institute in Washington, D.C. , and the Vermont Legislature's Joint Fiscal Office calculate that a basic family budget for a single parent with one child is close to $50,000 a year. For a family of two working parents with two children, it's $70,000-$75,000.
Vermont can't raise the minimum wage to $25 or $30 or $35 an hour, and it probably can't even guarantee a livable income for a full-time working mother with just a single child. But by raising the minimum wage to $11.50 or $12 an hour and expanding the state's tax credit for low-income, working families, Vermont could begin to close the huge gap between the cost of a decent standard of living and what most low-wage workers have to live on.
Combining an increase in the minimum wage with an increase in the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) for low-wage workers was the subject of a paper by Jeannette Wicks-Lim, an economist at the Political Economy Research Institute (PERI) at the University of Massachusetts and an expert on the minimum wage. She discussed her research with a Vermont Senate committee last week. She also refuted a commonly heard claim that raising the minimum wage hurts the economy and costs jobs. Wicks-Lim told the committee that research had found little or no negative effect from raising the floor on wages.
Her testimony was reinforced by Phil Merrick, owner of August First Bakery and Cafe in Burlington. As a business owner, he said he supported a higher minimum wage because it was the right thing to do and would help the economy by putting more money in the pockets of people who would spend it immediately - and in Vermont. The cost of the minimum wage proposed by the governor would be inconsequential to his customers, Merrick said. And he thinks the wage increase should be higher than the governor recommended.
Vermont, like the rest of the country, has seen a growing gap between rich and poor. Raising the minimum wage alone isn't going to close that income gap. There are many other steps that need to be taken. But raising the minimum wage can help, especially if it's coupled with an increase in the EITC that gets full-time workers closer to a livable income. And those changes need to be part of a broader commitment among policy makers to reduce income inequality in Vermont.
Jack Hoffman is a policy analyst for Public Assets Institute (www. publicassets.org), and a former reporter with The Manchester Journal.